Wenceslas Square is probably one of the most significant sights in the city of Prague. In the Middle Ages this huge rectangular shaped square was a horse market of Prague’s New Town, during the centuries though the importance of the square grew solidly and it became the most important place for gatherings and demonstrations. Since 1848 the square was renamed after the Patron Saint of Prague. It was in this square that the declaration of independence of Czechoslovakia was read in 1918, it was here that in 1969 the 21 years old student Jan Palach set himself on fire to demonstrate against the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. At the southern border of the square you will find the National Art Gallery and, in the square itself, you will find a statue of Saint Wenceslas and a memorial to Jan Palach.